Considerations and Warnings
Research published in August 2018 by Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practicefound that people with knee osteoarthritis who took three 500-milligram capsules of Momordica charantia (Bitter Gourd / Bitter Melon) three times a day experienced weight loss, reduced fasting blood glucose and significant improvements in knee injury and osteoarthritis (reducing the need for pain relievers), compared with people who took a placebo. The study also found that those benefits were seen in as few as three months.
Bitter melon can lower blood sugar levels. If you are taking it for high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, or cholesterol, be aware to watch your blood sugar. If you start to feel light headed, your sugar may be getting too low. You will have to find an alternative.
If you are taking medications to lower your blood sugar, adding bitter melon might make your blood sugar drop too low. Monitor your blood sugar carefully.
This may help wean you off your sugar medications.
"In large amounts, [bitter melon] can have adverse side effects," cautions Dr. Reisman. "Before using, it is important to consult your physician regarding safety and dose, which may depend on one's age, health and any other medical conditions."